Your Black Friday Breast Cancer Awareness Bargains #PinkRibbon #BlackFriday

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Breast Cancer Awareness Cap” /> Breast Cancer Awareness Cap

As you know one of the purposes of this blog is to help raise awareness and generate fund for worthwhile medical causes.

And what is better than helping raise awareness of breast cancer. Which has impacted the lives of so many of us.

So for this Black Friday we have teamed up with various online stores to offer you a way of shopping this Black friday to help raise money for breast cancer awareness.

So if you would like the great breast cancer awareness baseball hat above just click here to pick it up. It is nearly half price!

This Breast Cancer Awareness Pill Box is nearly 60% off. So it is a real bargain as well as being very handy! You can pick one up here.

Breast Cancer Awareness Pill Box
Breast Cancer Awareness Pill Box

Reduce your cancer risk – check out these top tips

I hate cancer
I hate cancer

There are no proven ways to prevent cancer, but you can reduce your risk of getting it.

According to Cancer Research UK, 4 in 10 cancer cases can be prevented, largely through lifestyle changes. It will help to lower your risk of cancer if you:

Eat a healthy, balanced diet

Stories about various foods and diets linked to preventing cancer are often in the news. This is because a lot of research is going on into diet and cancer. However, it isn’t easy to study the link between diet and cancer, because there are so many different factors involved, and cancer can take years to develop.

No single food or supplement can prevent cancer from developing. Overall, research shows a link between eating certain groups of foods (rather than any specific foods, vitamins or nutrients) and a reduction in cancer risk.

Eating a healthy, balanced diet may lower your risk of developing cancer. Try to consume a diet containing:

at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day

plenty of bread, rice, potatoes, pasta and other starchy foods: choose wholegrain foods where possible, as these contain more fibre

some meat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of protein

some milk and dairy foods

just a small amount of foods and drinks high in fat or sugars, such as cakes, crisps and biscuits

Eating a healthy, balanced diet will help your body get all the nutrients it needs.

Fibre and cancer

Evidence consistently suggests that eating plenty of fibre can reduce the risk of bowel cancer. Diets high in fibre can help keep your bowel healthy and prevent constipation.

Fibre-rich foods include wholegrain pasta, bread, breakfast cereals and rice. Pulses, fruit and vegetables are also good sources of fibre.

Red and processed meat

Meat is a good source of protein, vitamins and minerals, such as iron and zinc. However, evidence shows there is probably a link between eating red and processed meat, and the risk of bowel cancer. People who eat a lot of these meats have a higher risk of getting bowel cancer than people who eat small amounts.

Beef, pork and lamb are all red meat. Processed meats include bacon, sausages, salami and ham.

If you eat more than 90 grams of red or processed meat a day (the equivalent of about three thin-cut slices of roast beef, lamb or pork, where each slice is about the size of half a piece of sliced bread), it is recommended that you cut down to 70 grams.

Read more about eating red and processed meat.

Beta-carotene supplements

Beta-carotene, often found in antioxidant supplements, has been found to increase the risk of lung cancer developing in smokers and people who have been heavily exposed to asbestos at work. It is possible that taking large amounts of beta-carotene supplements would also increase the risk of cancer in other people.

Maintain a healthy weight

In England, over 60% of the population is overweight or obese. Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of some cancers, such as:

bowel cancer

pancreatic cancer

oesophageal cancer

breast cancer if you are a woman who has been through the menopause

cancer of the womb (uterus)

kidney cancer

Being a healthy weight can reduce your risk of developing cancer. You can find out whether you are a healthy weight by using the BMI healthy weight calculator.

You can also find information and tips on how to start losing weight.

Stay physically active

There’s evidence that being physically active can reduce your risk of bowel and breast cancer, and also endometrial cancer (cancer of the lining of the uterus). It’s not known exactly how physical activity reduces the risk of these cancers, but research shows that regular exercise helps to keep your hormone levels healthy. Having high levels of some hormones can increase your cancer risk.

Physical activity also helps you to maintain a healthy weight, which in turn reduces the risk of cancer.

See physical activity guidelines for adults.

Drink less alcohol

Drinking alcohol is known to increase your risk of some cancers, including:

mouth cancer

pharynx and larynx cancer

oesophageal cancer

colorectal cancer in men (cancer of the colon or rectum)

breast cancer

It is probably a cause of other cancers as well, such as colorectal cancer in women and liver cancer.

To reduce the risk of harming your health if you drink most weeks:

men and women are advised not to regularly drink more than 14 units a week

spread your drinking over three days or more if you drink as much as 14 units a week.

Use the drinks checker to find out how many units are in different alcoholic drinks.

Stop smoking

Lung cancer is responsible for around a quarter of cancer deaths in the UK, and 90% of lung cancer cases are related to smoking.

“Stopping smoking greatly cuts the risk of developing cancer,” says Hazel Nunn, Cancer Research UK’s health information officer. “The earlier you stop, the greater the impact. But it’s never too late to quit. People who quit smoking at 30 live nearly as long as non-smokers, and those who quit at 50 can still undo half the damage.”

There is support to help you stop smoking.

Protect your skin from sun damage

Taking care in the sun so that you don’t get burned is important for preventing skin cancer. Follow Cancer Research UK’s SunSmart plan to protect yourself:

Spend time in the shade between 11am and 3pm.

Make sure you never burn.

Cover yourself up with a T-shirt, hat and sunglasses.

Take care not to let children get burned.

Use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15.

Keep an eye on any moles or freckles you have. If they change at all (for example, get bigger or begin bleeding), see your GP, as this can be an early sign of cancer. The earlier skin cancer is caught, the easier it is to treat, so see your GP as soon as possible.

We need sunlight on our skin so that our bodies can produce vitamin D, which is essential for healthy bones. Read about sunlight and vitamin D to find out how much sunlight you need.

Know your body

It’s important to know your body and recognise any potential symptoms of cancer, such as lumps or unexplained bleeding, and to get advice about whether they might be serious.

Carers UK responds to report warning of growing strain on sandwich generation of carers

Carers UK responds to report warning of growing strain on sandwich generation of carers
Carers UK responds to report warning of growing strain on sandwich generation of carers

Carers UK responds to research published today by Macmillan Cancer Support, which shows that around 110,000 people in the UK are caring for a parent with cancer, whilst also looking after their own children [1].

Emily Holzhausen, Director of Policy and Public Affairs at Carers UK, said:

“In raising awareness of the pressures facing people who are caring for a parent with cancer whilst also looking after their young children and often juggling work, Macmillan’s research highlights a far wider and deeper issue for carers who support loved ones across many conditions.

“Indeed, there are a staggering 2.4 million people who are sandwiched between raising families of their own whilst providing care to an older loved one with a disability or chronic illness. And it is women who are more likely to shoulder this responsibility, with our research showing that they are four times more likely than men to have given up work due to multiple caring responsibilities.

“Today’s report adds to growing evidence that this is fast becoming one of the hardest pressed generations [2]. As a society, we must recognise that we all likely to either receive or provide care at some point in our lives. Without the right support at the right time, caring can take a serious toll on carers’ health, finances and ability to have a life outside of caring. With this in mind, the Government must use the opportunity of its new Carers Strategy to make lasting change in the way public services and workplaces support families.”

Carers UK is here with advice, information and support wherever you are on your caring journey. For practical advice and information about caring:

[1] Under Pressure – The growing strain on cancer carers (2016) Macmillan Cancer Support

[2] Caring responsibilities in

Is there a connection between Bacon and Leukaemia?

 

Bacon and leukaemia
Bacon and leukae

“Youngsters who eat bacon or ham twice a week increase their chances of getting leukaemia by 74%”, reported The Sun. It said that a study in children and teenagers in Taiwan found that those who ate processed meat more than once a week were more likely to have the condition. The newspaper said that other processed meat, such as hot dogs and sausages, also increased the risk, which could be caused by preservatives in the meat.

This case-control study found an association between leukaemia in two to 20-year-olds and eating cured or smoked meat and fish. However, this sort of study cannot prove that one thing causes another, and it has several limitations. This study should be regarded as preliminary evidence of an association. Larger further studies are needed to explore whether there is a causative link. There is an established link between eating cured meat and colorectal and stomach cancer. Other studies have found that a high consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables is associated with a decreased risk of several cancers.

Where did the story come from?

The research was carried out by Dr Chen-yu Liu and colleagues from the Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard Medical School, Kaohsiung Medical University in Taiwan and Yuh-Ing Junior College of Health Care and Management. The study was published in the peer-reviewed medical journal BMC Cancer.

What kind of scientific study was this?

This population-based case-control study compared 145 individuals with acute leukaemia to people matched for age and sex without leukaemia (controls).

Leukaemia is the most common childhood cancer. This study investigated how nutrition might contribute to its cause in a Han Chinese population in southern Taiwan. Studies have established a link between eating cured meat and colorectal and stomach cancer. Other studies have suggested that a high consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables is associated with a decreased risk of breast, colon, lung, pancreas, bladder, larynx, stomach, oesophageal and oral cancers.

The researchers found new leukaemia cases among residents of the Kaohsiung area, aged between two and 20 years and diagnosed between 1997 and 2005. The cases were identified by searching hospital records and records from the national health insurance system. By using both these sources, researchers believe they have identified all of the cases occurring in the area. Controls (people without leukaemia) were selected through a population registry of the study area. Up to three controls per case were matched for age and gender.

A face-to-face interview was conducted (with the patient or their parent, depending on age). The interview captured information on demographics, medical history, occupational history, smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, and exposure to various environmental hazards. The dietary questions were detailed, and they asked about frequency of consumption of various food groups, including fruit and vegetables, bean-curd foods, cured or smoked meat and fish, pickled vegetables and alcohol.

Using statistical methods, the researchers then compared responses between cases and controls to see whether consumption of any particular food group was more common in people with leukaemia. They also combined some food groups to assess the risk of these. They combined the two types of leukaemia for their analyses (acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and acute myeloid leukaemia), and performed separate analyses for two to five-year-olds and then for two to 20-year-olds.

What were the results of the study?

The researchers found some significant results in their analyses. For children aged two to five years, frequent consumption of bean curd food slightly reduced risk of leukaemia compared to rare or occasional consumption (though this was of borderline significance). Frequent vegetable intake reduced odds of leukaemia by 56%.

For two to 20-year-olds, frequent intake of cured or smoked meat and fish increased the risk of leukaemia by 1.74 times, while frequent consumption of bean curd food and vegetables reduced the odds.

What interpretations did the researchers draw from these results?

The researchers conclude that cured and smoked meat or fish in the diet “may be associated with leukaemia risk”. They also say that soy bean curd and vegetables may have a protective effect against leukaemia.

What does the NHS Knowledge Service make of this study?

This case-control study provides some evidence of a link between leukaemia and eating cured or smoked meat and fish.

This type of study, a case-control study, cannot prove causation. The problem with case-control studies is that unmeasured factors that are linked to both diet and leukaemia risk (i.e. confounding factors) can influence the result. The researchers report that they initially adjusted their analyses for age, sex, maternal age, birth weight, breastfeeding, parental education levels, parental and subjects’ smoking history, maternal vitamins and use of iron supplements. These factors were found to have no effect on the outcome. However, there are other factors which can have an effect that could not be measured, such as family history, genetics, medical history and specific environmental exposures.

Case-control studies are particularly susceptible to recall bias, i.e. parents/patients may not accurately remember their exposure (the food they ate) and other variables. The questionnaire asked about things that happened up to two years before individuals were born which, for some participants, would be 22 years ago. Food questions also asked about usual intake for the previous six months.

It is also important to explain further the 74% increased risk as reported in the newspapers. This is actually an increase in odds of leukaemia of 1.74 times (i.e. people who ate cured or smoked meat and fish were 1.74 times more likely to be from the group of leukaemia cases rather than controls). In absolute terms, 25% of people (aged two to 20 years) who rarely ate cured or smoked meat and fish had leukaemia, while 37% of people who ate it frequently had the condition. This is an increase of 12 cases in 100 people.

The increased risk from eating cured and smoked foods was only significant in people aged two to 20 years. When the researchers limited their calculations to two to five-year-olds, no link with leukaemia was found.

Although the researchers looked at bacon among all the other cured meats eaten in Taiwan (Chinese-style sausage, salted fish, preserved meat, ham, hot dog and dried salted duck), it is not clear how many people ate bacon or if the type of bacon eaten is similarly prepared to the bacon sold in the UK.

Overall, while this study provides preliminary evidence of a link between eating cured or smoked meat and fish and leukaemia, the link needs to be confirmed in larger studies.

Summary

“Youngsters who eat bacon or ham twice a week increase their chances of getting leukaemia by 74%”, reported The Sun. It said that a study in children and teenagers in Taiwan found that those who ate processed meat…

Links to Headlines

Bacon is ‘danger’ for kids. The Sun, February 2 2009

Leukaemia risk soars if your children in love bacon. Daily Express, February 2 2009

Bacon ‘gives kids cancer’. The Mirror, February 2 2009

Links to Science

Liu C-y, Hsu Y-H, Wu M-T, et al. Cured meat, vegetables, and bean-curd foods in relation to childhood acute leukemia risk: A population based case-control study. BMC Cancer 2009; 9: published: 13 January 2009

Childhood Cancer Awareness Month: the financial impact of childhood cancer revealed

Cancer in children costs families typically  an extra £600 a month. Thereby  putting huge strain on cashflow and causing many families  to fall into debt.

The cost of childhood cancer
The cost of childhood cancer

Research carried out by children and young people’s cancer charity CLIC Sargent has shows that costs can massively increase when a child is diagnosed with cancer.

Families spend extra £600 a month when child is treated for cancer.  That is nearly $1000 in US terms.

Many plunge into debt as a result of extra costs

Travel and food biggest additional spend.  Please note that the UK has more or less socialised medicine which is free at the point of usage.

The charity has launched a new report Cancer costs: The financial impact of treatment on young cancer patients and their families and is trying to persuade the UK  Government, banks and energy suppliers to help ease the financial burden caused by a cancer diagnosis.

CLIC Sargent’s research reveals 3 in 5 parents they asked ended up in debt as a result of a child’s diagnosis of cancer.  In some cases  borrowing more than £5,000. The average extra spend of £600 per month is close to a third of the normal UK monthly income.

Treatment for children and young people’s cancer can be miles from home at specialist treatment hospitals, requiring families to stay away from home for long periods of time, or embark on regular long distance travel.

These travel costs and additional food are the biggest extra expenditure but families also find themselves spending more on clothing, parking and accommodation while having to keep up with regular bills including mortgage, rent and energy.

Many families reported that the benefit system was not fit for purpose for young cancer patients or their needs, often taking too long and still leaving families with a financial shortfall.

But CLIC Sargent say more needs to be done and is calling on the government, banks and energy suppliers to provide more assistance to affected families.

It is calling for:

A review of travel assistance available to parents and young people, with recommendations for reform to be made by the end of 2017

Immediate financial support to be provided from the point of diagnosis to every patient

Financial services and energy companies to review their vulnerable customers policies to ensure they include parents of children with cancer and young cancer patients.

Kate Lee, Chief Executive of CLIC Sargent, said: “The pressure of managing finances causes considerable stress and anxiety during what is an already impossible time for families. This is not right or fair.”

CLIC Sargent has launched a petition to Prime Minister Theresa May to act now to ease the financial burden of childhood cancer. To sign the petition visit www.clicsargent.org.uk/ccam